Starlette applications can register multiple event handlers for dealing with code that needs to run before the application starts up, or when the application is shutting down.
These event handlers can either be
async coroutines, or regular syncronous
The event handlers should be included on the application like so:
from starlette.applications import Starlette async def some_startup_task(): pass async def some_shutdown_task(): pass routes = [ ... ] app = Starlette( routes=routes, on_startup=[some_startup_task], on_shutdown=[some_shutdown_task] )
Starlette will not start serving any incoming requests until all of the registered startup handlers have completed.
The shutdown handlers will run once all connections have been closed, and any in-process background tasks have completed.
Running event handlers in tests
You might want to explicitly call into your event handlers in any test setup or test teardown code.
Alternatively, you can use
TestClient as a context manager, to ensure that
startup and shutdown events are called.
from example import app from starlette.testclient import TestClient def test_homepage(): with TestClient(app) as client: # Application 'on_startup' handlers are called on entering the block. response = client.get("/") assert response.status_code == 200 # Application 'on_shutdown' handlers are called on exiting the block.