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Release Notes

0.12.1

  • Add URL.include_query_params(**kwargs)
  • Add URL.replace_query_params(**kwargs)
  • Add URL.remove_query_params(param_names)

0.12.0

  • Switch to ASGI 3.0.
  • Fixes to CORS middleware.
  • Add StaticFiles(html=True) support.
  • Fix path quoting in redirect responses.

0.11.1

  • Add request.state interface, for storing arbitrary additional information.
  • Support disabling GraphiQL with GraphQLApp(..., graphiql=False).

0.11.0

  • DatabaseMiddleware is now dropped in favour of databases
  • Templates are no longer configured on the application instance. Use templates = Jinja2Templates(directory=...) and return templates.TemplateResponse('index.html', {"request": request})
  • Schema generation is no longer attached to the application instance. Use schemas = SchemaGenerator(...) and return schemas.OpenAPIResponse(request=request)
  • LifespanMiddleware is dropped in favor of router-based lifespan handling.
  • Application instances now accept a routes argument, Starlette(routes=[...])
  • Schema generation now includes mounted routes.

0.10.6

  • Add Lifespan routing component.

0.10.5

  • Ensure templating does not strictly require jinja2 to be installed.

0.10.4

  • Templates are now configured independently from the application instance. templates = Jinja2Templates(directory=...). Existing API remains in place, but is no longer documented, and will be deprecated in due course. See the template documentation for more details.

0.10.3

  • Move to independent databases package instead of DatabaseMiddleware. Existing API remains in place, but is no longer documented, and will be deprecated in due course.

0.10.2

  • Don't drop explicit port numbers on redirects from HTTPSRedirectMiddleware.

0.10.1

  • Add MySQL database support.
  • Add host-based routing.

0.10.0

  • WebSockets now default to sending/receiving JSON over text data frames. Use .send_json(data, mode="binary") and .receive_json(mode="binary") for binary framing.
  • GraphQLApp now takes an executor_class argument, which should be used in preference to the existing executor argument. Resolves an issue with async executors being instantiated before the event loop was setup. The executor argument is expected to be deprecated in the next median or major release.
  • Authentication and the @requires decorator now support WebSocket endpoints.
  • MultiDict and ImmutableMultiDict classes are available in uvicorn.datastructures.
  • QueryParams is now instantiated with standard dict-style *args, **kwargs arguments.

0.9.11

  • Session cookies now include browser 'expires', in addition to the existing signed expiry.
  • request.form() now returns a multi-dict interface.
  • The query parameter multi-dict implementation now mirrors dict more correctly for the behavior of .keys(), .values(), and .items() when multiple same-key items occur.
  • Use urlsplit throughout in favor of urlparse.

0.9.10

  • Support @requires(...) on class methods.
  • Apply URL escaping to form data.
  • Support HEAD requests automatically.
  • Add await request.is_disconnected().
  • Pass operationName to GraphQL executor.

0.9.9

  • Add TemplateResponse.
  • Add CommaSeparatedStrings datatype.
  • Add BackgroundTasks for multiple tasks.
  • Common subclass for Request and WebSocket, to eg. share session functionality.
  • Expose remote address with request.client.

0.9.8

  • Add request.database.executemany.

0.9.7

  • Ensure that AuthenticationMiddleware handles lifespan messages correctly.

0.9.6

  • Add AuthenticationMiddleware, and @requires() decorator.

0.9.5

  • Support either str or Secret for SessionMiddleware(secret_key=...).

0.9.4

  • Add config.environ.
  • Add datastructures.Secret.
  • Add datastructures.DatabaseURL.

0.9.3

  • Add config.Config(".env")

0.9.2

  • Add optional database support.
  • Add request to GraphQL context.
  • Hide any password component in URL.__repr__.

0.9.1

  • Handle startup/shutdown errors properly.

0.9.0

  • TestClient can now be used as a context manager, instead of LifespanContext.
  • Lifespan is now handled as middleware. Startup and Shutdown events are visible throughout the middleware stack.

0.8.8

  • Better support for third-party API schema generators.

0.8.7

  • Support chunked requests with TestClient.
  • Cleanup asyncio tasks properly with WSGIMiddleware.
  • Support using TestClient within endpoints, for service mocking.

0.8.6

  • Session cookies are now set on the root path.

0.8.5

  • Support URL convertors.
  • Support HTTP 304 cache responses from StaticFiles.
  • Resolve character escaping issue with form data.

0.8.4

  • Default to empty body on responses.

0.8.3

  • Add 'name' argument to @app.route().
  • Use 'Host' header for URL reconstruction.

0.8.2

StaticFiles

  • StaticFiles no longer reads the file for responses to HEAD requests.

0.8.1

Templating

  • Add a default templating configuration with Jinja2.

Allows the following:

app = Starlette(template_directory="templates")

@app.route('/')
async def homepage(request):
    # `url_for` is available inside the template.
    template = app.get_template('index.html')
    content = template.render(request=request)
    return HTMLResponse(content)

0.8.0

Exceptions

  • Add support for @app.exception_handler(404).
  • Ensure handled exceptions are not seen as errors by the middleware stack.

SessionMiddleware

  • Add max_age, and use timestamp-signed cookies. Defaults to two weeks.

Cookies

  • Ensure cookies are strictly HTTP correct.

StaticFiles

  • Check directory exists on instantiation.

0.7.4

Concurrency

  • Add starlette.concurrency.run_in_threadpool. Now handles contextvar support.

0.7.3

Routing

  • Add name= support to app.mount(). This allows eg: app.mount('/static', StaticFiles(directory='static'), name='static').

0.7.2

Middleware

  • Add support for @app.middleware("http") decorator.

Routing

  • Add "endpoint" to ASGI scope.

0.7.1

Debug tracebacks

  • Improve debug traceback information & styling.

URL routing

  • Support mounted URL lookups with "path=", eg. url_for('static', path=...).
  • Support nested URL lookups, eg. url_for('admin:user', username=...).
  • Add redirect slashes support.
  • Add www redirect support.

Background tasks

  • Add background task support to FileResponse and StreamingResponse.

0.7.0

API Schema support

  • Add app.schema_generator = SchemaGenerator(...).
  • Add app.schema property.
  • Add OpenAPIResponse(...).

GraphQL routing

  • Drop app.add_graphql_route("/", ...) in favor of more consistent app.add_route("/", GraphQLApp(...)).

0.6.3

Routing API

  • Support routing to methods.
  • Ensure url_path_for works with Mount('/{some_path_params}').
  • Fix Router(default=) argument.
  • Support repeated paths, like: @app.route("/", methods=["GET"]), @app.route("/", methods=["POST"])
  • Use the default ThreadPoolExecutor for all sync endpoints.

0.6.2

SessionMiddleware

Added support for request.session, with SessionMiddleware.

0.6.1

BaseHTTPMiddleware

Added support for BaseHTTPMiddleware, which provides a standard request/response interface over a regular ASGI middleware.

This means you can write ASGI middleware while still working at a request/response level, rather than handling ASGI messages directly.

from starlette.applications import Starlette
from starlette.middleware.base import BaseHTTPMiddleware


class CustomMiddleware(BaseHTTPMiddleware):
    async def dispatch(self, request, call_next):
        response = await call_next(request)
        response.headers['Custom-Header'] = 'Example'
        return response


app = Starlette()
app.add_middleware(CustomMiddleware)

0.6.0

request.path_params

The biggest change in 0.6 is that endpoint signatures are no longer:

async def func(request: Request, **kwargs) -> Response

Instead we just use:

async def func(request: Request) -> Response

The path parameters are available on the request as request.path_params.

This is different to most Python webframeworks, but I think it actually ends up being much more nicely consistent all the way through.

request.url_for()

Request and WebSocketSession now support URL reversing with request.url_for(name, **path_params). This method returns a fully qualified URL instance. The URL instance is a string-like object.

app.url_path_for()

Applications now support URL path reversing with app.url_path_for(name, **path_params). This method returns a URL instance with the path and scheme set. The URL instance is a string-like object, and will return only the path if coerced to a string.

app.routes

Applications now support a .routes parameter, which returns a list of [Route|WebSocketRoute|Mount].

Route, WebSocketRoute, Mount

The low level components to Router now match the @app.route(), @app.websocket_route(), and app.mount() signatures.