Skip to content

Templates

Starlette is not strictly coupled to any particular templating engine, but Jinja2 provides an excellent choice.

Starlette provides a simple way to get jinja2 configured. This is probably what you want to use by default.

from starlette.applications import Starlette
from starlette.routing import Route, Mount
from starlette.templating import Jinja2Templates
from starlette.staticfiles import StaticFiles


templates = Jinja2Templates(directory='templates')

async def homepage(request):
    return templates.TemplateResponse('index.html', {'request': request})

routes = [
    Route('/', endpoint=homepage),
    Mount('/static', StaticFiles(directory='static'), name='static')
]

app = Starlette(debug=True, routes=routes)

Note that the incoming request instance must be included as part of the template context.

The Jinja2 template context will automatically include a url_for function, so we can correctly hyperlink to other pages within the application.

For example, we can link to static files from within our HTML templates:

<link href="{{ url_for('static', path='/css/bootstrap.min.css') }}" rel="stylesheet">

If you want to use custom filters, you will need to update the env property of Jinja2Templates:

from commonmark import commonmark
from starlette.templating import Jinja2Templates

def marked_filter(text):
    return commonmark(text)

templates = Jinja2Templates(directory='templates')
templates.env.filters['marked'] = marked_filter

Testing template responses

When using the test client, template responses include .template and .context attributes.

def test_homepage():
    client = TestClient(app)
    response = client.get("/")
    assert response.status_code == 200
    assert response.template.name == 'index.html'
    assert "request" in response.context

Asynchronous template rendering

Jinja2 supports async template rendering, however as a general rule we'd recommend that you keep your templates free from logic that invokes database lookups, or other I/O operations.

Instead we'd recommend that you ensure that your endpoints perform all I/O, for example, strictly evaluate any database queries within the view and include the final results in the context.